Soviet assistance in latin america

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These initiatives focus on encouraging natural resource management, developing alternative energy sources, expanding clean water access, preventing illegal-logging, and minimizing greenhouse gas emissions.The Cold War Divides the World. States provided military and economic assistance.Development Assistance (DA) promotes sustainable economic growth in key areas such as trade, agriculture, education, the environment, and democracy.Statement on Central America. in Latin America as elsewhere has. as well any military assistance that Cuba or the Soviet Union may provide directly.Central America resolved many of its political problems since the 1980s, although it is still one of the least developed areas in the hemisphere.Assistance to the small nations of the Eastern Caribbean (Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados Dominica, Grenada, St.

This program supports refugee relief activities, and in some cases, helps resettle refugees.Terrorism In the aftermath of the September 2001 terrorist attacks on New York and Washington D.C., U.S. attention to terrorism in Latin America intensified, with an increase in bilateral and regional cooperation.The FY2007 funding will be to replenish the Enterprise for the Americas Multilateral Investment Fund.The State Department, in its annual report on worldwide terrorism (Country Reports on Terrorism), highlights terrorist threats in Colombia, Peru, and the tri-border region of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay, which has been a regional hub for Hizballah and Hamas fund-raising activities.The core of U.S. counternarcotics programs in Latin America is the ACI.Guyana was designated a MCA threshold country for FY2005 and FY2006, and could be approved in future years for MCA funding, but Haiti would likely have difficulty meeting MCA criteria.

The Administration has stated that it does not intend for the MCA to negatively affect its other development programs.Ribando Analyst in Latin American Affairs Foreign Affairs, Defense and Trade Division Mark P.Latin America Assistance (LAA) - specialized in performing local assistance services in South.As mentioned earlier, Brazil receives ACI funding because it shares a long border with Colombia.Types of Assistance Economic Assistance Economic assistance is generally provided by the U.S. government directly to other foreign governments or to nongovernmental organizations working in those countries.

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It seeks to curb narcotics production and trafficking, and to promote democracy and economic development, which it is believed will strengthen regional security.In Central America, Honduras has the highest prevalence rate of 1.8%, while Guatemala has a rate over 1%.

U.S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean Summary Trends in U.S. assistance to the Latin America and Caribbean region generally reflect the trends and rationales for U.S. foreign aid programs globally.The amounts requested for FY2007 represent the lowest level in more than four decades.

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For more information, see CRS Report RL32724, Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for the th 109 Congress, by K.Additional Issues for Congress Effectiveness of Programs Congressional debate on foreign aid issues has often focused on whether it is effective in reducing poverty, and promoting U.S. interests abroad.

Travel Insurance and Assistance in North and Latin America

The bulk of U.S. assistance was economic assistance, including Development Assistance, Economic Support Funds, and P.L. 480 food aid.In the Western Hemisphere, a large portion of FMF is allocated for Colombia and the Andean region with the objective of supporting the efforts of those nations to establish and strengthen national authority in remote areas that have been controlled by leftist guerrilla organizations, rightist paramilitaries, and narcotics traffickers.Current aid levels to Latin America and the Caribbean comprise about 11.8% of the worldwide FY2006 bilateral aid budget.Others argue that programs are often ill-designed in relation to their goals.

LAA - Latin America Assistance

Panama has a history of extensive economic linkages with the United States because of the Panama Canal.

Geosecurity 101: Washington and Moscow‘s Military Bases in

The program would support stabilization, reform and post-conflict reconstruction programs in fragile states.Since 2002, Congress has granted expanded authority to use counternarcotics funds for a unified campaign to fight both drug trafficking and terrorist organizations in Colombia.

List of Figures Figure 1. U.S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and Caribbean: Annual Average, 1960 to 2007.2 Figure 2. U.S. Assistance to Latin America by Subregion, FY2006.4 Figure 3.The Soviets and Latin America: A Three Decade U.S. ward the Soviet Union and toward Latin America than toward any other regions or nations of the world.On the interdiction side, this includes programs to train and support national police and military forces, to provide communications and intelligence systems, to support the maintenance and operations of host country aerial eradication aircraft, and to improve infrastructure related to counternarcotics activities.Some countries may not receive funding if they do not meet certain criteria relating to political rights and civil liberties.


The countries of Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay are considered middle- income countries and therefore receive lower levels of assistance.U.S. foreign assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean: recent trends and FY2015 appropriations. recent trends and FY2015 appropriations a schema:.

Critics argue that aid is often wasted on countries that do not responsibly use the assistance to promote the welfare of their citizens.The Cuban Revolution and the Soviet Influence in Latin America.Counternarcotics programs seek to assist countries to reduce drug production, interdict trafficking, and promote alternative crop development.Since 1993, the Enterprise for the Americas Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF), which is administered by IDB, has provided both grants and investments to businesses and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Latin America that have demonstrated new ways to develop small enterprises, build worker skills, and strengthen environmental management.It provides some funding to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime to provide support for legal frameworks to prevent and combat organized crime, and the Organization of American States Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) to strengthen national drug commissions and to support the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM).